Children's playground equipment supplier


How to Select Vias and Stack-Ups for an HDI PCB

hdi pcb

How to Select Vias and Stack-Ups for an HDI PCB

The type of vias and stack-ups used in an HDI pcb will impact production cost and time. It is important to select the right via type based on performance and manufacturability.

The PCB’s layers are fabricated with sequential lamination cycles and the use of thin specialty materials. These features create tighter spacing, smaller lines and microvias with a reduced aspect ratio.

High-Density Interconnection

High-density interconnection PCBs offer many benefits over traditional circuit boards. They provide routing solutions for large pin-count chips in mobile devices and other high-technology products. The increased density enables more functions per unit area and enhances signal integrity. These attributes are possible because of the technology’s sequential lamination structures, fine lines, and high-performance thin materials.

There are several types of HDI layouts, including sequential build-up and Every Layer Interconnect (ELIC). The former involves layers being constructed and laminated sequentially to achieve the desired density. The latter uses microvias, which can be drilled mechanically or with lasers. These vias have smaller aspect ratios than conventional through-hole vias, which increase component density and allow for tighter spacing between traces and pads.

The use of HDI in electronic circuit boards can lead to reduced manufacturing costs and a faster time-to-market. This is because it reduces the number of layers and the size of the board, while providing exceptional electrical performance and reliability.

The technology is used in a variety of applications, from aerospace to industrial automation. Its flexibility allows engineers to design small, powerful, and cost-effective equipment. It also helps to ensure that the equipment operates reliably and safely in harsh environments. In addition, it improves medical devices’ performance by allowing them to have higher transmission rates than standard PCBs.


In a digital world where devices are getting smaller and smaller, PCBs must follow suit. This is a challenge that can be met with innovation and advanced technology. With the development of specialized system-on-chip (SoC) components, smaller passives and higher transistor density in powerful processors, designers can now place more components on a single board. However, they need the right materials to ensure signal integrity in these tightly-spaced geometries. That is where HDI comes in.

HDI boards feature high-density attributes such as laser microvias, sequential lamination structures, fine lines and high-performance thin materials that enable more functions to be incorporated into the same space. This hdi pcb improved density makes it possible for a single board to replace multiple conventional PCBs. This can save on manufacturing costs and material waste, while boosting performance.

Another benefit of HDI circuit boards is that they have a lower weight and size, which reduces the chance of mechanical damage. They also require less space for cooling and offer better thermal performance. This makes them a good choice for harsh environments like aerospace and military equipment.

To produce HDI circuit boards, manufacturers must adhere to stringent quality standards. They must use the latest lithography techniques and work in an ISO class 100 cleanroom. In addition, they must use laser drilling and contact imaging, which requires a significant investment of time and capital.

High Reliability

The high reliability of a PCB is a crucial factor in the success of electronic products and companies. Reliability is the probability that a product will HDI PCB Supplier perform its intended function without failing for a specified time period. This can be measured by calculating the product’s mean time between failure (MTBF). High-reliability products can tolerate multiple faults and still provide consistent performance.

High-reliability PCBs use microvias instead of through holes to achieve higher circuit density and improved signal performance. Microvias have a smaller aspect ratio, which makes them more dependable than through-holes. These smaller vias also increase the board’s mechanical stability and reduce thermal management issues. They also allow for more routing and offer a shorter signal path than traditional through-holes.

Despite the increased reliability of HDI PCBs, their manufacturing and assembly processes require specialized equipment and expertise. The process also requires a clean environment to ensure the quality of the final product. Therefore, it is important to choose a manufacturer with the right equipment and experience to produce these boards.

One of the most common reasons for a circuit board’s failure is poor reliability. It can happen during the assembly and testing processes, or even in actual use. Reliability is a crucial factor in the success of electronics and can lead to costly product returns and damage brand reputation. To prevent this, you can improve your PCB’s reliability by improving its cleanliness. Ion residues and solder deposits can cause corrosion and contamination on the surface of the PCB, resulting in faulty solder joints and electrical faults.


When compared to traditional PCBs, HDI circuit boards are more cost-effective. They use fewer raw materials and can fit more components in the same space. Additionally, they can support a greater number of BGA and QFP packages. They also have a lower stress due to thermal expansion, which extends their lifespan.

The etching process for HDI boards is more efficient than the etching process for traditional PCBs. This allows designers to reduce the size of their components while maintaining a high level of performance. However, it is important to choose the right component placement and layout for a successful HDI design. The selection of components will impact the routing widths, hole sizes, and overall board dimensions. The components should be chosen carefully to ensure quality and reliability.

Another benefit of HDI PCBs is their ability to improve signal integrity. This is achieved by using a technique called via-in-pad. This technology enables the components to be placed closer together, which reduces the transmission distance and signal crossing delays. It also improves the yield and productivity of the board.

HDI circuit boards are widely used in electronic devices that require higher density and small form factors, including touch-screen phones, laptop computers, digital cameras, 4G network communications, and military devices such as avionics. These devices often use fine pitch components that cannot be accommodated with traditional PCBs.